Accounting Principles for the Parent Company
The financial statements of the parent company, Wärtsilä Corporation, have been prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Finnish Accounting Standards (FAS).
The preparation of the financial statements requires management, in compliance with the regulations in force and good accounting practices, to make estimates and assumptions that affect the measurement and timing of the reported information. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
Transactions denominated in foreign currencies
Business transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the transaction date. Receivables and payables on the balance sheet date are valued at the exchange rates prevailing on that date. Open hedging instruments of foreign currency based items, including interest components, are valued at the balance sheet date. Exchange gains and losses related to business operations are treated as adjustments to other operating income and operating expenses. Exchange gains and losses related to financing operations are entered under financial income and expenses.
Research and development costs
Research and development costs are expensed in the financial period in which they occur.
Receivables are valued to acquisition cost or to a lower probable value.
Fixed assets and depreciation
Fixed assets are valued in the balance sheet at their direct acquisition cost less accumulated depreciation. Certain land areas also include revaluations.
Depreciation is based on the following useful lives:
Other long-term expenditure 3-10 years
Buildings 20-40 years
Machinery and equipment 5-20 years
Lease payments are treated as rentals.
Extraordinary income and expenses
Extraordinary income and expenses consist of items, such as Group contributions, that fall outside the ordinary activities of the company.
Provisions in the balance sheet comprise those items which the company is committed to covering either through agreements or otherwise but which are not yet realised. Changes to provisions are included in the income statement.
Income taxes in the income statement include taxes calculated for the financial year based on the Finnish tax provisions as well as adjustments to taxes in prior years. Taxes allocated to extraordinary items are shown in the notes to the financial statements.
Dividends proposed by the Board of Directors are not recorded in the financial statements until they have been approved by the Annual General Meeting.